an AUTO Member display our Seal of Authentication
on Your Site
facts about Uganda
Land Area: 241000 sqkm
Population: 26 million (2002)
Life Expectancy: 46 years
Population growth 2.5% (1980-91)
Adult Literacy: 52% (1990)
Time: GMT/UTC plus three hours
Electricity: 220V, 50Hz
Weights & measures: Metric
Currency: Uganda shilling (USh)
National Bird: Crested Crane
Language: Over 56 dialects spoken
Value Added Tax- 20%
241,040 sq. km. (93,070 sq. mi.); about the size of Oregon.
Capital--Kampala (2002 pop. 1.2 million). Other cities--Jinja,
Gulu, Mbale, Mbarara.
18% inland water and swamp; 12% national parks, forest, and
game reserves; 70% forest, woodland, grassland.
In the northeast, semi-arid--rainfall less than 50 cm. (20
in.); in southwest, rainfall 130 cm. (50 in.) or more. Two
dry seasons: Dec.-Feb. and June-July.
rate (2004 est.): 4.0%.
African 99%, European, Asian, Arab 1%.
66%, Muslim 16%, traditional and other 18%.
(official); Luganda and Swahili widely used; other Bantu and
(2000; primary school enrollment, public and private)--89%.
mortality rate--86/1,000. Life expectancy--45.3 yrs.
system, with limited operation of political parties.
The current constitution was ratified on July 12, 1995, and
promulgated on October 8, 1995. The constitution provides
for an executive president, to be elected every 5 years. Parliament
and the judiciary have significant amounts of independence
and wield significant power. President Yoweri Museveni, in
power since 1986, was elected under the new constitution in
1996 and re-elected in 2005. Formerly, the constitution limited
the president to two terms. However, in August 2005, the constitution
was revised to allow an incumbent to hold office for more
than two terms.
October 9, 1962.
Independence Day, October 9.
power parity, 2003): $34.7 billion; (current prices, 2003)
Copper, cobalt, limestone, phosphate.
Cash crops--coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, sugar cane, cut
flowers, vanilla. Food crops--bananas, corn, cassava, potatoes,
millet, pulses. Livestock and fisheries--beef, goat meat,
milk, nile perch, tilapia.
of agricultural products (cotton ginning, coffee curing),
cement production, light consumer goods, textiles.
Exports--$628 million: coffee, fish and fish products, tea,
electricity, horticultural products, vanilla. Major markets--EU,
Kenya, South Africa, U.K., U.S. Imports (2003)--$1.34 billion:
vehicles, petroleum, chemical, machinery. Major suppliers--OPEC
countries, Kenya, EU, India, South Africa, U.S.